Rotavirus vaccine uk green book. PHE UK immunisation schedule (Green Book chapter 11)

PHE UK immunisation schedule (Green Book chapter 11)

rotavirus vaccine uk green book

The campaign specifically targeted unvaccinated children aged 10—16 years with the aim of protecting them and preventing further outbreaks in secondary schools, and therefore onward transmission to young infants and other vulnerable groups. Using various surveillance and diagnostic methods and techniques, it is estimated that rotavirus infections cause around half of all gastroenteritis in children aged under five years. Other minor illnesses without fever or systemic upset are not valid reasons to postpone immunisation. The benefits of vaccination in preventing the consequences of rotavirus infection outweigh this small potential risk in young children. A company limited by guarantee. It is expected to appreciably lower the public health impact of flu by directly averting a large number of cases of disease in children, and through lowering flu transmission in the community, indirectly preventing flu in individuals at high risk of serious illness from influenza, including unvaccinated younger children, people in clinical risk groups and older adults.

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PHE UK immunisation schedule (Green Book chapter 11)

rotavirus vaccine uk green book

The temporary pertussis vaccination programme for pregnant women, set up in response to an increase in the number of cases of pertussis particularly among young babies, has been extended until further notice. Rotavirus vaccine Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis among children under five years of age. The exception is rotavirus vaccine, where vaccination at an older age is more likely to be associated with an adverse event intussusception ; therefore rotavirus vaccine should not be started if the infant is aged 15 weeks or older and not given at all if aged 24 weeks or older. Common clinical features include watery diarrhoea and vomiting. Rotavirus infection may also be acquired in hospital. The relevant chapters on each of these vaccine-preventable diseases provide detailed information about the vaccines and the immunisation programmes.

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Rotavirus vaccine overview

rotavirus vaccine uk green book

Older children and adults can also develop asymptomatic infection, which may be important in maintaining rotavirus infection in the community. The vaccine has a good safety profile, is well tolerated and is also immunogenic in individuals who have had a history of shingles prior to vaccination. See the 'Rotavirus vaccination' section at the end of this article for further information. Second and subsequent infections with a strain previously encountered are often asymptomatic; symptomatic second infections are usually associated with a different genotype. There is a lot of evidence showing that the rotavirus vaccine is safe.

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The UK immunisation schedule: changes to vaccine policy and practice in 2013/14

rotavirus vaccine uk green book

People of any age can be infected by rotavirus but most infections occur in children between one month and four years of age see figure. However, stool samples will need to be sent to the laboratory when there is an outbreak of infection, such as in a children's nursery. It can be given at the same time in a different body part as seasonal influenza vaccine and at the same time as 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in eligible patients. Rotavirus gastroenteritis is characterised by mild fever with severe diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach cramps, and can lead to dehydration. Varicella chickenpox is a very infectious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. These individuals should be vaccinated in accordance with the recommendations in and the disease specific chapters. The risk of serious illness from influenza is highest amongst children under six months of age, older people, those with certain underlying health conditions and pregnant women.

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PHE UK immunisation schedule (Green Book chapter 11)

rotavirus vaccine uk green book

This medicine tries to prevent infection with chickenpox. Long-term success of extending the programme to all children aged 2—16 years is likely to depend on adopting a multi-professional approach involving schools and teachers as well as healthcare professionals. Investigations may also be required if there is any suspicion of a non-infective cause of diarrhoea. It is estimated that 13,000 cases of disease and 1300 deaths have been prevented. Intussusception is a naturally-occurring condition where the part of the intestine prolapses, or telescopes, into another part causing an obstruction. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given at least 2.

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The UK immunisation schedule: changes to vaccine policy and practice in 2013/14

rotavirus vaccine uk green book

See also the separate article. Heat speeds up the decline in potency of most vaccines, thus reducing their shelf life. Neither vaccine contains thiomersal nor any adjuvant. If you do have to change their nappy you can wear disposable gloves and discard them afterwards. However, there is no evidence of risk from vaccinating pregnant women with inactivated viral or bacterial vaccines or toxoids such as those included in Repevax. However, children in clinical risk groups aged two to less than nine years who have not received influenza vaccine before should be offered two doses, given at least four weeks apart. Some people may develop a rash following their chickenpox or shingles vaccine.

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PHE UK immunisation schedule (Green Book chapter 11)

rotavirus vaccine uk green book

The rotavirus vaccine is very effective and gives good immunity to rotavirus infection. However, the vaccines are not known to be interchangeable and a course of vaccine started with one product should be completed with the same vaccine to achieve full protection. The schedule should therefore be followed as closely as possible. This is because the nasal spray contains a live, but weakened form of the flu vaccine. Parents of young children do not always perceive influenza to be a serious disease. You should avoid close contact with children who have had the nasal spray for 2 weeks following their vaccination if your immune system is severely weakened.

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