Management of coronary artery disease. Prevention, Detection and Management of Coronary Artery Disease in Minority Females

Medical Management of Coronary Artery Disease

management of coronary artery disease

Patients should all be on a daily enteric-coated aspirin 81 mg daily , unless there is a serious adverse effect or contraindication. It works by inhibiting the late inward sodium current in heart muscle and reducing sodium-dependent calcium levels, leading to a reduction in heart-wall tension and a decrease in oxygen consumption. You can control high blood sugar through monitoring blood sugars, diet, exercise, and medications. Options A, B, and C: The client should also avoid potassium-rich foods and potassium supplements. This pain or discomfort, which can be felt in the chest, arms or lower jaw, is called angina. See our section on Taking Control of Heart Health.

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Management of Coronary Artery Disease and Chronic Stable Angina

management of coronary artery disease

Heart disease and stroke statistics—2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. If you require an interventional treatment, your physician will determine the type that is best for you based on your individual needs. Influenza contributes to a higher risk of mortality and hospitalization in patients with chronic medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, and it exacerbates underlying medical conditions. Examples include taking the stairs instead of the elevator, parking further away, or walking to another bus stop. The Bayesian theory studies the relation between pre- and post-test probability.

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Coronary Artery Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

management of coronary artery disease

These procedures are considered nonsurgical because they are done by a cardiologist heart doctor , who accesses the heart using a long, thin tube catheter that is inserted into a blood vessel, rather than by a surgeon through an incision. This is a heart attack. Diagnostic accuracy improves with a test with a higher sensitivity and specificity. Which activity has the highest priority? Note: Isordil may be more effective for patients with variant form of angina. Propranolol and other beta-adrenergic blockers are contraindicated in a client with asthma, so the nurse should question the physician before giving the dose. Ethnic disparities exist, with the prevalence of obesity being greater in Black and Hispanic females when compared with Whites. For example, Black females were less likely to be referred for coronary angiography and reperfusion, which correlated with an increase in mortality.

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Management of Coronary Artery Disease and Chronic Stable Angina

management of coronary artery disease

Conclusion Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in minority females. Option C: Overload refers to an abundance of circulating volume. Several clinical trials have studied the use of statin therapy in the management of hyperlipidemia. Cleveland Clinic offers nutrition programs and classes to help you reach your goals. Additional therapies known to reduce the incidence of cardiac events, such as aspirin, weight loss, smoking cessation, and exercise, should be implemented to manage symptoms. This is usually caused by atherosclerotic buildup in the coronary arteries.

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Coronary Artery Disease

management of coronary artery disease

The beta-blocker dose should be adjusted to limit the resting heart rate to about 55 bpm because higher resting heart rates have been associated with higher rates of mortality. Provide information, privacy, or consultation, as indicated. The volume of blood in the ventricle at the end of diastole determines the preload. Sensitivity is 93% and specificity is 79%. Substernal chest pain, pressure, heaviness, or discomfort. Blood cannot flow as easily through diseased arteries. In many cases, if the blockage is less than 70 percent and not severely limiting blood flow, medications may be the first line of treatment.

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What Is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)? Symptoms & Treatment

management of coronary artery disease

Your doctor will be able to discuss with you what the long-term implications are for your recovery, your life and your loved ones. Excessive oxygen administration may lead to apnea by removing that stimulus. This test can pinpoint where the arteries are narrowed or even blocked. The catheter usually is inserted into a blood vessel in an elbow or groin and travels to the heart. And it does not require general anesthesia. Ask your doctor what your ideal weight should be.

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