Coronary heart disease definition psychology. Premature heart disease

Coronary Heart Disease: Definition & Prevention

coronary heart disease definition psychology

Using tobacco can negatively affect your overall health, including the health of your cardiovascular system by weakening your blood vessels. Pyschosomatic Medicine, 75 2 , 211—221. But a heart attack is just the tip of the atherosclerosis iceberg, and without dramatic interventions, the disease is likely to progress. In another study, it was indicated that high and low levels of trait anxiety do not have a different effect on cardiovascular reaction. Association of a specific overt behavior pattern in females with blood and cardiovascular findings.

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Coronary heart disease: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

coronary heart disease definition psychology

Moreover, people who suffered from this disease for the first time were seeking social support and coping style more in comparison to those that had previous history of hospitalization due to ischemic heart disease. Since the subjects were just 11 years old, it's easy to see how continued exposure can lead to illness in early adulthood. A heart attack occurs when a blood clot completely blocks the flow of blood and seriously reduces blood flow to the heart muscle. American Journal of Psychiatry, 93 5 , 1231—1238. In their extensive study of employees of several large Western corporations, Rosenman and colleagues were able to predict susceptibility to coronary disease by behavioral characteristics such as a tense, alert and confident appearance; strong voice, clipped, rapid and emphatic speech, laconic answers; evidences of hostility, aggressiveness and impatience, and frequent sighing during questioning. Arteries damaged by smoking, high blood pressure, or diabetes are particularly vulnerable. Recurrent coronary prevention project study: Methods, baseline results and preliminary findings.

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What is coronary heart disease?

coronary heart disease definition psychology

References have also been provided to obtain additional details on items that may be of special interest. You will probably experience this as a sensation of chest pain or pressure known as angina. In contrast, it found no support for such an effect concerning early onset of depression in men. The relationship between job stress and illness was recognized 300 years ago by Bernardo Ramazzini, who described in detail the diseases of people engaged in 40 different kinds of work and urged his fellow physicians to question their patients about their occupations. The 1974 best seller Type A Behavior And Your Heart Friedman and Rosenman 1974 stimulated studies by others and Type A soon became part of vernacular speech.

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Coronary prone personality

coronary heart disease definition psychology

Psychological Bulletin, 137 6 , 959—997. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 64 1 , 100—110. Moreover, the results of these studies have demonstrated that anxiety, stress, and type of stress, such as lack of social support and psychological work characteristic, were associated with coronary artery disease. Concerns About Employment Or Career — Job insecurity and lack of opportunity for advancement, or promotion; rapid changes for which workers are unprepared due to unanticipated downsizing, mergers and hostile acquisitions. That's what kills muscle cells and produces a heart attack. Children and tobacco At all ages, smoking is the most powerful single contributor to atherosclerosis, and research continues to add to the evidence that exposure to secondhand smoke is also an important culprit. Nature Reviews Cardiology, 11 8 , 443—457.

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Type A and Type B Personality Theory

coronary heart disease definition psychology

The pain may feel different from person to person. But a study of 126 sudden deaths in American military recruits age 18 to 35 tells a different story. The study was able to control for other important variables, such as smoking and lifestyle. Behavioral modification is aimed at turning off the epinephrine-norepinephrine spigot, and propanolol and other beta-blockers blunt the damaging effects of such agents on the cardiovascular system. Comparative meta-analysis of behavioral interventions for insomnia and their efficacy in adults and in older adults 55 + years.

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Type A and Type B Personality Theory

coronary heart disease definition psychology

In this selective review article, the epidemiology, mechanisms, screening, and treatment recommendations for four common psychological conditions depression, anxiety, stress, and insomnia comorbid with coronary heart disease will be presented. Making young arteries old The lion's share of heart disease in young adults is caused by the same risk factors that cause coronary artery disease in older men. The main player in the early development of atherosclerosis is cholesterol, which is a small organic molecule that is used in cell membranes and to form steroid hormones. From their responses, and from their manner, each participant was put into one of two groups: Findings The researchers found that more than twice as many Type A people as Type B people developed coronary heart disease. Heart attacks are swift, occurring in a matter of minutes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1 , Cd001800.

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Stress and Heart Disease

coronary heart disease definition psychology

However, psychosocial factors may be associated with other risk factors. When the figures were adjusted for smoking, lifestyle, etc. But as many as 4% to 10% of all heart attacks occur before age 45, and most of these strike men. One study characterised occupational cohort of British men well. Posttraumatic stress disorder and cardiovascular disease.

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