Coronary artery disease major risk factors. 5 Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease

Overview of Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease major risk factors

A weak or absent pulse can be a sign of a blocked artery. A lack of physical activity can worsen other risk factors for atherosclerosis, such as unhealthy blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, diabetes, and overweight and obesity. When high blood pressure exists with , smoking, high blood cholesterol levels, or diabetes, the risk of heart attack or stroke increases several times. In men, the risk increases after age 45. If you have any type of cholesterol level abnormality, your doctor will be able to help you develop an effective treatment plan. Calcium and phosphate keep the bones healthy. Your doctor will let you know how often you should schedule office visits or.

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Overview of Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease major risk factors

They also can show how well your heart pumps blood when it beats. Others you can't control, such as age and a family history of heart disease. Prevention consists of modifying reversible risk factors eg, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity, diabetes, smoking. Rupture exposes collagen and other thrombogenic material, which activate platelets and the coagulation cascade, resulting in an acute thrombus, which interrupts coronary blood flow and causes some degree of myocardial ischemia. High blood pressure High increases the heart's workload, causing the heart to thicken and become stiffer.

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Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors

coronary artery disease major risk factors

Recurrent spasm may damage the intima, leading to atheroma formation. Dye that can be seen on an x-ray picture is injected through the catheter into the arteries. Your risk for atherosclerosis increases if your father or a brother was diagnosed with heart disease before 55 years of age, or if your mother or a sister was diagnosed with heart disease before 65 years of age. Deputy Editors, Section Editors, and Topic Editors are active in clinical or academic medical practice. Over time, , or hypertension, can cause the heart muscle to enlarge and not move correctly.

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Overview of Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease major risk factors

This is particularly true if male members of your immediate family were diagnosed with coronary heart disease before age 55, or female members received a coronary heart disease diagnosis before age 65. This is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating blood vessel problems. Contact your local public health departments, hospitals, and local chapters of national health organizations to learn more about available resources in your area. Genetic alterations that result in certain identifiable problems have also been discovered. Low levels can also mean you are having trouble tolerating a statin. A healthy diet is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as healthy fats found in nuts, legumes, lean meat, and fish.

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Atherosclerosis

coronary artery disease major risk factors

An unhealthy diet can raise your risk for atherosclerosis. For unknown reasons, the sex difference is less marked in nonwhites and in patients with diabetes mellitus. With this disease, the body's blood sugar level is too high because the body doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't use its insulin properly. Certainly, for some people, a change in diet can lower cholesterol levels; for others, a change in diet has no impact. This is due to a number of causes, including rising childhood obesity rates.

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5 Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease major risk factors

According to the , your heart disease risk increases if a close family member has heart disease. You may go to a cardiologist if you have P. Physical activity can improve your fitness level and your health. You should still follow a heart healthy lifestyle, even if you take medicines to treat your atherosclerosis. Talk about your lifestyle changes with your family and friends—whoever can provide support or needs to understand why you're changing your habits. Emerging Risk Factors Scientists continue to study other possible risk factors for atherosclerosis. These tests also can help your doctor learn the extent of your disease and plan the best treatment.

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5 Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease major risk factors

If plaque narrows or blocks these arteries a disease called , you may have symptoms of a stroke. Chronic Kidney Disease can occur if plaque builds up in the renal arteries. Ongoing Care If you have atherosclerosis, work closely with your doctor and other health care providers to avoid serious problems, such as and. By looking at the x-ray picture, your doctor can see the flow of blood through your arteries. Over time, these factors contribute to atherosclerosis, which is the stiffening and disease of the arteries. Men should have no more than two drinks containing alcohol a day.

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