Coronary artery disease define medical. Medical Management of Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease

coronary artery disease define medical

If you have questions about your medications, ask your doctor or pharmacist. It works to dilate or widen the coronary arteries, increasing blood flow to the heart muscle and to relax the veins, lessening the amount of blood that returns to the heart from the body. Nitrates relax vascular smooth muscle and primarily cause venodilation, reducing preload and decreasing myocardial oxygen demand. Three classes of medication are essential to therapy: lipid-lowering, antihypertensive, and antiplatelet agents. Description Coronary artery disease, also called coronary heart disease or heart disease, is the leading cause of for both men and women in the United States. Atherosclerotic plaques often form blood clots that also can block the coronary arteries coronary thrombosis. When you are very overweight, your heart has to do more work, and you are at increased risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and diabetes.

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Medical Management of Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease define medical

Arteries expand, for example, when a person is climbing stairs, exercising, or having sex. For example, ginger Zingiber officinale may help reduce cholesterol. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and other symptoms are associated with. If you have any non-modifiable risk factors, it is even more important to work on the risk factors you can change: Modifiable Risk Factors Stop cigarette smoking and the use of tobacco products Smoking is directly related to an increased risk of heart attack and its complications. All patients with stable coronary artery disease require medical therapy to prevent disease progression and recurrent cardiovascular events. When proper eating does not control your cholesterol levels, your doctor may prescribe medications. New technologies and surgical procedures have extended the lives of many patients who would otherwise have died.

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Coronary artery disease

coronary artery disease define medical

A , , Evidence-based guidelines , and randomized controlled trial Beta blockers should be considered first-line antihypertensive agents in patients with coronary artery disease. This combination of effects decreases the amount of work for the heart. This can be determined by a blood test. Intensive lipid lowering with atorvastatin in patients with stable coronary disease. Older people those over 65 are more likely to die of a heart attack. Nuclear scans are performed by injecting a small amount of radiopharmaceutical such as thallium into the bloodstream. The balloon is inflated, compressing the plaque to enlarge the blood vessel and open the blocked artery.

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Medical Management of Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease define medical

People with coronary artery disease or risk factors should consult a doctor before beginning an exercise program. Eliminate as many risk factors as possible and increase your chances of good health. It may cause bloating, nausea, vomiting, or perspiration. The treadmill exercise stress test is an appropriate screening test for those with high risk factors even when they feel well. Beta-blockers acebutelol, propranolol reduce the amount of oxygen required by the heart during stress. In many cases, if the blockage is less than 70 percent and not severely limiting blood flow, medications may be the first line of treatment.

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Medical Management of Stable Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease define medical

The method of treatment is based on many factors determined by your symptoms, a physical exam, and diagnostic testing. If you have been prescribed nitroglycerin and experience angina, stop what you are doing and rest. When the stress test is finished, thallium or sestamibi is injected. Moderate hypertension can be controlled by reducing dietary intake of sodium and fat, exercising regularly, managing stress, abstaining from smoking, and drinking alcohol in moderation. Familiarity with these medications and with the evidence supporting their use is essential to reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease.

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Medical Management of Coronary Artery Disease

coronary artery disease define medical

This injury makes them susceptible to atherosclerosis and thrombosis. If you suspect you might be having a heart attack, get medical help right away. Cholesterol-lowering medications are also indicated in most cases. Patient discussion about coronary artery disease Q. Age, sex, heredity, and diet affect one's blood cholesterol.

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Coronary Artery Disease Symptoms

coronary artery disease define medical

It also may reduce blood pressure. Advances in medicine and healthier lifestyles have caused a substantial decline in death rates from coronary artery disease since the mid-1980s. The tiny amount of radioactive material used disappears from the body in a few days. It usually raises blood pressure and can poison the heart and cause abnormal heart rhythms or even heart failure. Obesity increases blood pressure and blood cholesterol and can lead to diabetes.

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coronary artery disease

coronary artery disease define medical

Diagnosis Diagnosis begins with a visit to the physician, who will take a medical history, discuss symptoms, listen to the heart, and perform basic screening tests. Lloyd-Jones D, Adams R, Carnethon M, et al. Prevention A healthy lifestyle can help prevent coronary artery disease and help keep it from progressing. Keep a list of your medications and bring them to each of your doctor visits. The artery walls are flexible and can expand to let more blood through when the heart needs to work harder. This can make your heart muscle cramp and function abnormally. For patients who cannot exercise, cardiac blood flow and heart rate may be increased by intravenous dipyridamole Persantine or adenosine.

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